Proper posture is a condition of the normal arrangement of the internal organs as well as the creation of proper blood flow through the veins – upwards, and the movement of energy downwards. This alone enables the organs to function and function normally, not to press each other and cause energy downtime and negative impact.
Most people do not attach importance to the importance of proper body posture, do not understand the connection between body posture and general health, and therefore continue to wear high heeled shoes, move incorrectly, hold, whether consciously or unconsciously, hunched, shallow, and complaining to health. No treatment can truly work unless the posture is corrected.
The notion of true body beauty is associated with proper posture.
According to body posture, it is easy to distinguish a healthy man from a sick man, rich from poor, young from old, happy from unhappy, superior from subordinate.
Very often in everyday life we come across such scenes as a dignified posture, the proud appearance of a winner, the sad look of a slave or the vanquished. Even when drawing the simplest of comics, human emotion is expressed by the position of the spine and limbs.
It has been said from time immemorial that the higher the social position of a person, the prouder, more upright and freer he is. The emperors were specially placed on the high ground to emphasize their exalted position. Conversely, the more envious a person is, the more he bends his head, bends his back, falls to his knees, thereby displaying his emotion.
Accordingly, we are free to say that the posture of a person’s body testifies to his psychophysical condition; spiritual peace, health and harmony.
What is a posture?
Posture or body posture is a composition of the positions of all the joints of the body at any given moment, and can also be explained as a muscular balance. Posture is most commonly defined as the alignment of body parts.
Also, the term “body posture” refers to the usual pose of a man, who stands freely with his heels clenched and fingertips spaced at an angle of 45-50 degrees.
When looking at one’s posture, we pay attention to the position of the head and waist of the upper extremities, the inclination, ie the curvature of the spine (neck, thorax and lumbar part), the shape of the chest and abdomen, the position and inclination of the pelvis, the position of the lower extremities.
Every human being, in relation to the traits of his character and the state of vital energy, creates his own, only his own posture.
Straight back, proudly raised head, straight look, confident gait speak of an independent man who knows his worth. Bending back, relaxed head, eclipse or downward view, pulling leg by foot when walking, depict a broken, insecure and life-weary man.
What does body posture depend on?
Posture depends on many parameters such as:
• the state of the muscular system and weight,
• the degree of development of the muscles of the neck, back, chest, abdomen and lower extremities,
• Functionality of the musculature, its capacity for long-term static strain,
• elastic properties of intervertebral discs, spine joints,
• motility of the spine, pelvis and lower extremities.
• the shape of the feet and legs (very important), as well as the condition of the muscular arches of the feet.
One of the key things about posture is the proprioceptive tissues that are found in the muscles and joints and provide information about the position of a particular limb.
With the feedback mechanism, the nervous system knows at all times what position our body is in, thereby sensing the postural muscles that keep the body upright.
Another important factor in maintaining the posture is the so-called. postural reflex – a mechanism that belongs to the mechanisms of maintaining an upright body posture. Muscles, which with their contractions maintain balance and body posture, counteracting the action of the force of gravity, are said to have a postural function. The function of the postural reflex is a continuous less correcting of the body posture on the principle of “feedback”.
Features of good and bad posture
Good posture is determined by the balance of muscle and bone, and in good posture the muscles will work more efficiently and optimal positions will be set for the pectoral and abdominal organs.
The characteristics of good posture are when the following points are properly aligned:
• the point between the eyes,
• the pubic area,
• and the center between the ankles of the legs.
The shoulders, hips and knees should be at the same height, while the head should be upright, without bending forward or to the side.
The result of this posture is the economy of the muscles, where the force of gravity and the active muscular strength counteract and equalize.
Poor posture is an irregular relationship between different parts of the body which causes an increased strain on the supporting structures, which causes a disturbance of the body balance within the surface of the support. In most cases, it is a combination of several factors, endogenous (internal) and exogenous (external). A relaxed posture and relaxed posture are created by loosening all the muscles, so the entire weight of the body passively loads the skeleton. That is why in the upright posture of the body there is a continuous action of muscles under the influence of human will.
How to maintain a good posture?
In order to maintain a good posture, that is, a good functional upright posture, it is necessary to maintain a balance between the groups of muscles responsible for postural function, which can be achieved by actively and reflexively regulating the muscles of the lower limb and back muscles, and by strengthening the tone of the abdominal muscles. corset, ”where yoga and core workouts are an ideal activity.
Abdominal muscle tone is an important active regulator of body posture. Therefore, breathing exercises have a significant function in the correction of posture and tone of abdominal muscles. If ventilation is faster and deeper (as in the kapalabati breathing technique), then the active involvement of expiratory muscles such as m. Obliquus externus, m. Obliquus internus, m. Transversus abdominis and m. Rectus abdominis is required. Therefore, in the preventative and corrective procedure of improper posture, the prominent role belongs to breathing exercises.